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Revisiting the Notion of Peace

Underdevelopment causes structural violence. There is evidence that poverty causes conflict, and conflict causes poverty. Collier and Hoeffler writing in 2004 and Fearon and Laitin in 2003, all report a positive correlation between economic development and violence in a cross-section of countries. On the 24th of April 2014 during the UN General Assembly, this correlation was reaffirmed. You cannot talk about development where there is insecurity, neither can you talk about peace where there is underdevelopment, misery and insecurity since indeed peace is just but a product, it is a fruit and a consequence of certain things. Sustainable peace is actually security assurance. Peace, in my view, is the well-being. It has to do with total and complete well-being of a human being. Way back in 1964, while grappling with definitions and understanding of the concept peace, Johan Galtung, the father of peace studies, was able to make a distinction between "negative peace" and "positive peace." Negative peace, in his view, is the absence of violence; it is negative because it is mere peace, in the sense of calmness where and when something undesirable is not happening. He therefore understands peace as positive; as filled with positive content; as integration of human society; as a totality of human well-being. Funmi Olonisakin in her writings, talks about ‘creation of peace.’  This implies that peace doesn’t just happen; it should be molded. Peace is security in its most comprehensive understanding and totality (human security). For instance, a family that is not assured of a meal is an insecure family; a family that cannot access medicine or water or education is an insecure family; such a family cannot be said to at peace. Definitely societal and leadership peculiarities do impact greatly on security, development and peace.
Revisiting the Notion of Peace Revisiting the Notion of Peace Reviewed by Ibrahim Magara on June 23, 2016 Rating: 5

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